Scientists from the University of Arizona have proposed an astronomy dubbed “the modern global insurance policy” for 6.7 million species of Earth, which have been preserved and hid in cold storage in a series of caves and tunnels beneath the moon’s surface.
They said a bunker could protect the genetic material in the event of a “total annihilation of the Earth” that would result from a significant reduction in biodiversity – but any step to build such a cache remains elusive.
“The Earth is of course a volatile environment,” said researcher Gikan Thanga, professor of aviation and mechanical engineering at the University of Arizona’s College of Engineering, in a statement.
“As humans, we had close contact about 75,000 years ago with the eruption of the colossal Toba volcano, which caused a 1,000-year cooling period and, according to some, corresponds to an estimated decline in human diversity. Because human civilization has such a large footprint, if it collapses, it has lost This has a negative cascading effect on the rest of the planet. “
Similar “doomsday coffers” are on the ground: The Global Seed Vault, which holds less than a million seed samples, is located on a remote island in Svalbard, an archipelago between Norway and the Arctic.
In a research paper presented earlier this month, a team from the University of Arizona believe their concept could save life from Earth in the event that the planet we call home is destroyed.
The researchers said the project relies on developments in cryogenic robotics technology – to be cryopreserved, the seeds must be cooled to minus 292 degrees Fahrenheit, while stem cells must be stored at minus 320 degrees Fahrenheit. But the team says that at such temperatures, the metal parts of the base can freeze, wedge, or cold weld together.
Scientists also still do not understand how the lack of gravity might affect preserved seeds, or how they communicate with an earthly base.
Experts discovered a network of about 200 lava tubes beneath the moon’s surface in 2013, which formed when streams of lava melted through the soft rocks to form underground tunnels billions of years ago.
Scientists believe the tubes are 100 meters (328 feet) in diameter. – It can provide ideal shelter for valuable goods, protect them from solar radiation, changes in surface temperature, and accurate meteorology.
Supported by solar panels, the underground astronomy can be accessed via elevator shafts, leading to a cryogenic storage facility.
Scientists say that 250 rocket launches will be required to transport about 50 samples of each of the 6.7 million species to the moon.
Some construction work on the moon is already planned for another project.